南京地区34家医院2012-2014年中药注射剂使用分析
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篇名: 南京地区34家医院2012-2014年中药注射剂使用分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为中药注射剂的临床合理使用提供参考。方法:对南京地区34家医院2012-2014年中药注射剂的销售金额、用药频度(DDDs)、日均费用(DDC)和南京医科大学第一附属医院中药注射剂致不良反应(ADR)发生情况进行统计分析。结果:南京地区34家医院2012-2014年中药注射剂的销售金额逐年增长。2014年,销售金额排名前10种中药注射剂以抗肿瘤类和心脑血管类为主,各4种,其销售金额分别占46.08%、32.59%。抗肿瘤类中药注射剂总销售金额增长缓慢,而心脑血管类和抗菌消炎类中药注射剂总销售金额增长率较高。单品种销售金额和DDDs排序中,香菇多糖3年均稳居首位,其DDC最低,排序比=1.00。南京医科大学第一附属医院发现ADR最多的中药注射剂为喜炎平(27例,45.00%)。结论:南京地区34家医院2012-2014年中药注射剂用药品种基本稳定,主要集中在抗肿瘤和抗心脑血管疾病两大类上,其应用日益广泛。临床应加强辨证施治、密切监护,重视中药注射剂的合理用药。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for rational use of TCM injection in the clinic. METHODS: The utilization of TCM injections in 34 hospitals from Nanjing area during 2012-2014 was analyzed statistically in respects of consumption sum, DDDs, DDC. The occurrence of ADR induced by TCM injections was also analyzed statistically in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. RESULTS: The consumption sum of TCM injections in 34 hospitals from Nanjing area during 2012- 2014 increased year by year; top 10 kinds of TCM injections mainly were anti-tumor drugs and cardio-cerebrovascular drugs in 2014, and each of them involved 4 categories and their consumption sum accounted for 46.08% and 32.59%, respectively. Total consumption sum of anti-tumor TCM injections increased slowly, while those of cardio-cerebrovascular drugs, antibiosis and antiphlogosis increased rapidly. Lentinan injection steadily took up the top in the list of consumption sum and DDDs of single type, its DDC was the lowest and B/A=1.00. In the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, most of ADR was induced by Xiyanping injection (27 cases, 45.00%). CONCLUSIONS: The type of TCM injections keep stable in 34 hospitals from Nanjing area during 2012-2014, mainly involving anti-tumor drugs and cardio-cerebrovascular drugs which were used widely. Clinic should strengthen dialectial therapy close monitoring and attch improtance to the rational use of TCM injections.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第23期
作者: 刘小华,黄岚
AUTHORS: LIU Xiaohua,HUANG Lan
关键字: 中药注射剂;销售金额;用药频度;日均费用;用药分析;药品不良反应;南京地区
KEYWORDS: TCM injection; Consumption sum; DDDs; DDC; Analysis of drug use; ADR; Nanjing area
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