基本药物可及性评价指标体系研究
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篇名: 基本药物可及性评价指标体系研究
TITLE:
摘要: 的:探讨基本药物可及性评价指标,以综合、全面地评价基本药物及其涵盖的药物供应保障和服务质量的可及性与“新医改”实施后的改善状况。方法:系统检索中英文文献与世界卫生组织(WHO)等官方网站,通过对基本药物可及性涵盖的核心要素进行理论分析,探讨兼具国际适用性、指标适当性和可操作性的基本药物可及性评价指标体系的构建思路和内容。结果与结论:WHO制定的一系列药物政策评价指南是当前国际评价基本药物可及性的主要依据,但该系列指标尚有一定局限性;结合WHO及相关机构提出的概念,基本药物可及性核心要素可包括:可获得性、可负担性、可供应性、可支付性、贯穿各要素的药物质量和使用适当性。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the assessment indicators of the accessibility of essential medicines to comprehensively evaluate the accessibility of essential medicinesand its coverage of medicine supply security and service quality and the improvement of the implementation of the new Healthcare reform. METHODS: Retrieved from Chinese and English Literature and the World Health Organization (WHO), theoretical analysis was conducted for the covering the core elements of essential medicines to explore construction ideas and content of essential medicines evaluation index system with international suitability, index appropriateness and operability. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: A series of medicine policy evaluation guide established by WHO is currently the main basis of the accessibility of essential medicines evaluation around the world, however, there are certain limitations for these indicators.According to the concept put forward by WHO and the related organizations, the core elements of the accessibility of essential medicines include: availability, affordability, supply system, sustainable financing, medicine quality and appropriate use.
期刊: 2016年第27卷第18期
作者: 廖彬池,胡明,周乃彤,杨男,黄一帆
AUTHORS: LIAO Binchi,HU Ming,ZHOU Naitong,YANG Nan,HUANG Yifan
关键字: 基本药物;可及性;评价指标
KEYWORDS: Essential medicine; Accessibility; Evaluation indicator
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