基于随机前沿分析的我国医药制造业技术开发与成果转化创新
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篇名: 基于随机前沿分析的我国医药制造业技术开发与成果转化创新
TITLE:
摘要:

目的:探寻我国医药制造业在技术开发与成果转化两个阶段的创新效率提升途径。方法:采用随机前沿分析方法,对我

国2001-2013 年28 个省(区、市)医药制造业的投入与产出数据进行测算,得出两个阶段的创新效率,并依据两个阶段的整体效率

均值将28个省(区、市)医药制造业划分为4类作进一步分析。结果与结论:我国医药制造业技术开发阶段的创新效率均值为0.626 2,

成果转化阶段的创新效率均值为0.567 8,说明两个阶段的创新效率水平均不高,且成果转化阶段的创新效率落后于技术开发阶

段。2013 年,成果转化阶段创新效率的变异系数(0.274 2)高于技术开发阶段(0.194 5),表明各省(区、市)医药制造业成果转化阶

段创新效率差异程度高于技术开发阶段。两个阶段创新效率水平都高的地区均处东部沿海以及经济发达区域,自然资源丰富的

西部地区体现出较高的技术开发阶段效率,说明地区本身的经济水平或资源优势为医药制造业创新效率提升创造了条件。建议

进一步加强制药企业与医药科研机构的科研成果信息交流,并重点发展西部地区的民族医药和中药。

ABSTRACT:

OBJECTIVE:To learn the way to improve innovation efficiency of technological development and achievement

transformation stages in pharmaceutical industry in China. METHODS:The input and output data of pharmaceutical industry in 28

provinces(regions,cities)of China from 2001-2013 were estimated by using stochastic frontier analysis(SFA)so as to obtain innovation

efficiency of two stages. According to average efficiency of two stages,pharmaceutical industry of 28 provinces(regions,

cities)were divided into 4 categories for further analysis. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:The innovation efficiency of pharmaceutical

industry in China was 0.626 2 at technology development stage and 0.567 8 at transformation stage,indicating they were not

high either and the transformation efficiency was lagged behind the development efficiency. The coefficient of variation of innovation

efficiency at transformation stage(0.274 2)was higher than development stage(0.194 5),indicating the difference degree of

innovation efficiency at transformation stage was larger than at development stage. The areas with higher efficiency in both stages

were in Eastern and economically developed regions,and the Western region with rich natural resources had higher efficiency at

technological development stage,indicating region economic level or resource advantages created the conditions for the pharmaceutical

industry to enhance the innovation efficiency. It is suggested to further strengthen scientific achievement communication between

pharmaceutical enterprises and pharmaceutical research institutions,and pay more attention to develop national medicine and traditional

Chinese medicine in Western region.

期刊: 2016年第27卷第4期
作者: 曹阳,周晓夏
AUTHORS: CAO Yang,ZHOU Xiaoxia
关键字: 医药制造业;技术开发;成果转化;创新效率;随机前沿分析;差异
KEYWORDS: Pharmaceutical industry;Technological development;Achievement transformation;Innovation efficiency;Stochastic
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