基于系统因果回路及问题基模的福建省医药产业技术创新体系研究
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篇名: 基于系统因果回路及问题基模的福建省医药产业技术创新体系研究
TITLE: Study on Technological Innovation System of Pharmaceutical Industry in Fujian Province :Based on System Causal Loop Diagram and Problem Basic Model Analysis
摘要: 目的:为提升福建省医药产业技术创新水平、推动福建省医药产业高质量发展提供参考。方法:对福建省医药产业政府相关部门、行业协会、医药企业人员以及部分消费者共计452人进行现场访谈,整理访谈资料后,基于系统动力学因果回路及系统问题基模理论探讨影响福建省医药产业技术创新体系的关键变量及潜在的问题基模,并提出杠杆解及建议。结果与结论:福建省医药产业技术创新体系中科技创新环境、企业管理者创新理念、科技创新动力、企业利润、产品市场竞争力、医药行业社会组织、科技创新成果的产业化等要素与福建省医药产业技术水平的提升密切相关。福建省医药产业技术创新体系中存在“富者愈富”问题基模,即医药企业外部资源对科技创新的投入多集中于规模以上医药企业;同时,由于产研学互动不足及成果转化渠道不通畅,有可能使部分具备科技创新潜能或拥有传统优势品种的中小医药企业形成“舍本逐末”问题基模。建议福建省医药产业相关主体充分发挥各类科技平台的作用,加强对创新型中小医药企业的关注与支持,创建并优化医药企业科技创新的金融服务环境,支持具备创新动力与潜能的医药企业开展技术创新项目。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To p rovide reference for improving the level of technological innovation and promoting the high-quality development of pharmaceutical industry in Fujian province. METHODS :A total of 452 people were interviewed by relevant departments of pharmaceutical industry ,industry associations ,pharmaceutical enterprises and some consumers in Fujian province. After sorting out the interview data ,based on the theory of causal loop diagram and problem basic model methods ,the key variables and problem basic models affecting the technological innovation system of pharmaceutical industry in Fujian province were investigated . The leverage solutions and suggestions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:The scientific and technological innovation environment ,managers’innovative ideas ,scientific and technological innovation motivation ,enterprise profits,product’s market competitiveness ,social organizations of pharmaceutical industry ,and industrialization of scientific and technological innovation achievements in the technological innovation system of pharmaceutical industry in Fujian province were closely related to the technological improvement of pharmaceutical industry in Fujian province. There were basic modes of “the rich getting richer ”for the technological innovation system of pharmaceutical industry in Fujian province ,i.e. the investment of external resources on scientific and technological innovation of pharmaceutical enterprises was mostly concentrated in the pharmaceutical enterprises above designated size. At the same time ,due to the lack of industry-research-university interaction and the unsmooth achievement transformation channel ,some small and medium-sized pharmaceutical enterprises with the potential of scientific and technological innovation or with traditional advantages may form the problem basic model “to attend to trifles and neglect the essentials”. It is suggested that the subjects related to pharmaceutical industry should give full play to the role of various scientific and technological platforms ,strengthen the attention and support to innovative small and medium-sized pharmaceutical enterprises , create and optimize the financial service environment for scientific and technological innovation of pharmaceutical enterprises ,and support pharmaceutical enterprises with innovation power and potential to carry out technological innovation projects.
期刊: 2021年第32卷第24期
作者: 林津晶,徐伟
AUTHORS: LIN Jinjing ,XU Wei
关键字: 医药产业;技术创新;系统因果回路;系统问题基模;福建省
KEYWORDS: Pharmaceutical industry ;Technological innovation ;Causal loop diagram ;Problem basic model analysis ;Fujian
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