我国危害药品安全犯罪研究述评(1985-2019年)
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篇名: 我国危害药品安全犯罪研究述评(1985-2019年)
TITLE: Review of Drug Safety Crime Research in China (1985-2019)
摘要: 目的:为今后开展药品安全立法和科学执法司法的相关研究提供参考。方法:以“主题=药品犯罪或食药犯罪或药品并含刑事”且不含“主题=毒品”为检索式检索中国知网中1985年1月1日-2019年12月31日发表的期刊类文献。筛选文献,以内容分析为主,借助CiteSpace5.6.R4软件的可视化分析手段,对我国药品安全的立法动态和典型药害事件进行梳理与分析,从研究成果产出、研究学术群体、研究学科视角和研究热点聚焦等4个方面分析我国危害药品安全犯罪研究发展概况,进而从刑事政策、刑事立法、重大药害案件、行政监管理念和行政立法层面梳理和挖掘影响各阶段研究变迁的因素,并在此基础上对危害药品安全犯罪相关研究进行审视,对其完善路径提出建议。结果与结论:共检索到相关文献852篇,纳入有效文献473篇。我国危害药品安全犯罪研究历经研究的探索期(1985-1996年)、转型期(1997-2010年)、蓬勃期(2011-2019年),成果产出数量不断增长,学术群体规模持续扩大,形成以刑法学研究为主、公安学研究为辅、自然科学研究为外援的学科分布,并围绕立法、司法和刑法价值等问题形成学术热点聚焦,如以重大危害药品案件为切入点进行的各类学术研究等。其中,危害药品安全犯罪研究变迁的影响因素中,刑事政策与立法、行政立法与监管沿革是其遵循的内在逻辑,突发药害事件则是重要外因。为此,应当以全链条为着眼点,以交叉学科为研究视角,以思辨与实证研究方法相结合,推动危害药品安全犯罪领域理论创新与实践探索。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To pr ovide refe rence for the future research on drug safety legislation and scientific law enforcement and justice. METHODS :The journal articles published from Jan. 1st,1985 to Dec. 31st,2019 in CNKI were searched by using “subject=drug crime ,food and drug crime or drug and criminal law ”as retrieval words but without “subject=drug”. By screening literature,with the emphasis on the content ,with the help of CiteSpace 5.6.R4 software,the legislative dynamics of drug safety and typical drug injury events in China were sorted out and analyzed. The development of the research on drug safety crimes in China were analyzed from four aspects :research output ,research academic groups ,research discipline perspective and research focus. From the aspects of criminal policy ,criminal legislation ,major drug injury cases ,administrative supervision concept and administrative legislation ,the factors influencing the research changes in each stage were combed and excavated ;on this basis ,the relevant researches on drug safety crime were reviewed and suggestions were put forward for its improvement path. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 852 literatures were retrieved ,and 473 valid literatures were included. The research on crimes against drug safety in China has gone through the exploration period (1985-1996),transition period (1997-2010)and vigorous period (2011-2019). The number of achievements has been increasing ,and the scale of academic groups has continued to expand , forming a discipline distribution with criminal law research as the main research ,public security science research as the auxiliary , and natural science research as the foreign aid ,focusing on the issues of legislation ,judicature and criminal law value ,for example,various academic researches was conducted with major hazardous drug cases as the breakthrough point. Among the influential factors of the researches on drug safety crime ,criminal policy and legislation ,administrative legislation and regulatory evolution were the internal logic ,and the sudden drug injury cases were the important external factors. For this purpose ,to promote theoretical innovation and practical exploration of drug safe ty crime research ,research on drug safety crime in the future should focus on the whole chain of drug safety , using method and empirical research methods.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第24期
作者: 魏麟,李春雷
AUTHORS: WEI Lin ,LI Chunlei
关键字: 危害药品安全犯罪;研究热点;影响因素;完善路径;述评
KEYWORDS: Drug safety crime ; Research hotpots ;
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