基于扎根理论的制药企业绿色创新研究
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篇名: 基于扎根理论的制药企业绿色创新研究
TITLE: Study on Green Innovation in Pharmaceutical Enterprises Based on Grounded Theory
摘要: 目的:基于扎根理论研究制药企业绿色创新的影响因素,为增强制药企业的绿色创新能力及政府出台相关绿色政策提供参考。方法:采用扎根理论研究法进行企业样本的选取及后续研究。首先,与22家样本企业(均为制药企业)的56名工作人员采取一对一、面对面针对绿色创新影响因素相关问题的深度访谈;然后,对谈话记录资料逐步进行开放式编码、主轴编码、选择性编码,并行理论饱和度检验;进一步构建制药企业绿色创新影响因素模型,并对其主要影响因素进行分析。结果与结论:政府需求、社会需求、行业内需求、绿色创新能力、领导者环保意识和领导者格局这6个主范畴对制药企业绿色创新存在显著影响;其中,领导决策(包括领导者环保意识、领导者格局)是内部决定因素,绿色创新能力(包括绿色创新投入能力、绿色创新研发能力、绿色创新转化能力和绿色创新生产能力)是内部驱动因素,社会制度(包括政府需求、社会需求和行业需求)是外部因素,它们是影响制药企业绿色创新的主要因素,对制药企业绿色创新均具有正面积极的作用。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To study the influential factors for green innovation in pharmaceutical enterprises based on grounded theory so as to provide reference for pharmaceutical enterprises to enhance their green innovation ability and the government to issue relevant green policies. METHODS :The grounded theory research methods were used to select enterprise samples and follow-up research. Firstly ,56 staffs from 22 sample enterprises (all were pharmaceutical companies )were interviewed in depth one-on-one and face-to-face on issues related to the influential factors for green innovation. Then ,open coding ,spindle coding and selective coding were carried out on the conversation record data ,and conduct theoretical saturation testing was conducted. Finally , the influential factor model of green innovation in pharmaceutical enterprises was constructed ,and its main influential factors were analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The government demand ,social demand ,industry demand ,green innovation ability , environmental awareness of leaders and overall vision of leaders have significant influence on the green innovation of pharmaceutical enterprises. Among them ,leadership decision (including leaders ’environmental awareness and leadership pattern ) is the internal decisive factor ,green innovation ability (including green innovation investment capacity ,green innovation research and development capacity ,green innovation transformation capacity and green innovation production capacity )is the internal driving factor ,social system (including government needs ,social needs and industry needs )is the external factor ;they are the main factors affecting the green innovation of pharmaceutical enterprises ,and they all have a positive effect on the green innovation of pharmaceutical companies.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第23期
作者: 王诗佳,黄哲,赵勇溪
AUTHORS: WANG Shijia,HUANG Zhe,ZHAO Yongxi
关键字: 绿色创新;扎根理论研究法;制药企业
KEYWORDS: Green innovation ;Grounded theory study ;Pharmaceutical enterprises
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