我国PIVAS药(护)师科研培养现状及其影响因素的调查分析
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篇名: 我国PIVAS药(护)师科研培养现状及其影响因素的调查分析
TITLE: Investigation and Analysis of the Status Quo and Influence Factors for Scientific Research Training of Pharma- cists(Nurses)in PIVAS of China
摘要: 目的:了解我国静脉用药集中调配中心(PIVAS)药(护)师科研培养现状及其影响因素,为PIVAS的发展提供方向和参考。方法:采用调查研究法,以自行编制的问卷调查表通过网络对我国东部、西部、中部地区24个省、自治区、直辖市的三级、二级共29家医院PIVAS药(护)师进行调查,调研时间为2019年3-4月,调查内容包括调查对象基本信息(性别、地域、医院等级、专业技术职称、学历、用工性质)、科研培养现状(科研培训频率、科研培训的内容、对科研的需求程度、对科研的兴趣程度等)、科研产出现状(论文发表情况、课题申报情况等),分析影响科研培训的主要影响因素。结果:共发放问卷504份,回收有效问卷501份,有效回收率为99.40%。63.1%(316/501)的调查对象有参加过科研培训,科研培训的频率主要为少于1次/月(26.1%,131/501)和1~2次/月(25.0%,125/501);72.1%(361/501)的调查对象对科研有中等及以上需求,82.4%(413/501)的调查对象对科研有中等及以上兴趣,仅有6.0%(30/501)的调查对象认为自己掌握了主要的科研方法,5.4%(27/501)的调查对象认为自己的科研能力强。药学科研方向主要涉及临床合理用药,较少涉及精准医学、新药和新剂型开发、治疗药物监测研究、转化医学等。仅16.6%(83/501)的调查对象在PIVAS工作期间发表过论文,9.0%(45/501)的调查对象申报过课题。不同区域、专业技术职称、学历和用工性质的调查对象的科研培养现状比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:我国医院对PIVAS药(护)师科研培养的力度不够,药(护)师科研产出低下;影响其科研培训的主要因素包括区域、专业技术职称、学历、用工性质等。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To investigate the status quo and influential factors for scientific research training of pharmacists (nurses)in PIVAS of China ,to provide direction and reference for the development of PIVAS. METHODS :The survey method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey of PIVAS pharmacist (nurses)from 29 tertiary and secondary hospitals in 24 provinces, autonomous regions , municipalities from eastern , western and central China through the i nternet by using self-designed questionnaire. The survey period was from Mar. to Apr. 2019. The survey content included the basic information (gender,region, hospital level ,professional and technical title ,education background ,employment nature )of the survey participants and the status quo of scientific research training (frequency and content of scientific research training ,degree of need for scientific research , degree of interest in scientific research ,etc.)and status quo of scientific research output (publication and application of the project). Main influential factors for scientific research training were analyzed. RESULTS :A total of 504 questionnaires were sent out,and 501 valid questionnaires were collected ,with effective response rate of 99.40% . Totally 63.1%(316/501)of the respondents had scientific training ,and the frequency of scientific training was mainly less than one time/month (26.1%,131/501) and 1-2 times/month(25.0%,125/501);72.1%(361/501)of the respondents have medium or above scientific research needs , 82.4%(413/501)of the respondents have medium or above interest in scientific research ,only 6.0%(30/501)of the respondents had mastered the major scientific research methods , only 5.4%(27/501)of the respondents thought that their scientific research ability were strong. The pharmaceutical re search - direction was mainly related to clinical rational use of drugs , song_123@126.com less to precision medicine ,new drug and new dosage form: development, therapeutic drug monitoring research , 028-85503220。E-mail:linyunzhu99@163.com translational medicine , etc. Only 16.6% (83/501) of the respondents had published articles after working in PIVAS ,and 9.0%(45/501)had applied for projects. There were statistical significances in the scientific research training among the respondents with different regions ,professional and technical titles , educational backgrounds and employment natures (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The scientific research training of PIVAS pharmacist(nurses)in China is inadequate and the research output is low. Main influential factors for scientific research training include region ,professional and technical title ,educational background and employment nature .
期刊: 2020年第31卷第14期
作者: 杨春松,杨亚亚,张伶俐,林芸竹
AUTHORS: YANG Chunsong ,YANG Yaya,ZHANG Lingli,LIN Yunzhu
关键字: 静脉用药集中调配中心;药(护)师;科研培养;影响因素;问卷调查;中国
KEYWORDS: PIVAS;Pharmacist(nurse);Scientific research training ;Influence factor ;Questionnaire survey ;China
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