粤港澳大湾区中医药政策现状及完善建议
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篇名: 粤港澳大湾区中医药政策现状及完善建议
TITLE: Current Situation and Improvement Suggestion of Traditional Chinese Medicine Policy in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
摘要: 目的:研究现有粤港澳大湾区中医药产业政策的现状,为后续该产业发展规划和布局的完善提出建议。方法:采用内容分析法,从政策工具角度对截至2020年4月我国中央政府和地方政府层面颁布的涉及粤港澳大湾区中医药产业政策文本进行编码计量分析,总结中医药产业当前发展的重点和存在的问题,并提出合理建议。结果与结论:共检索到34份相关政策文件,其中中央政府层面9份、地方政府层面25份。在基本政策工具维度方面,粤港澳大湾区中医药产业供给型、需求型和环境型政策工具分别占58.10%、22.86%、19.05%。供给型政策工具中硬件建设占40.98%、内部联通占26.23%、质量建设占22.95%、国际交流占9.84%,政策工具无具体实施细则和方案影响了其可操作性;需求型政策工具中包含健康服务(75.00%)、国际贸易(16.67%)、服务外包(4.17%)和政府补贴(4.17%)四项内容,后三项内容使用较少,限制了产业市场的开放程度;环境型政策工具中包含目标规划(40.00%)、准入规则(25.00%)、知识产权(30.00%)和融资支持(5.00%)四项内容,但需完善法律法规支撑和相关措施支持。在中医药产业价值链维度方面,34份政策文本提供了包括平台建设(36.19%)、科技创新(19.05%)、市场拓展(23.81%)和交流合作(20.95%)四项内容,其中科技创新和交流合作的欠缺限制了中医药标准化、现代化和国际化。笔者建议优化供给型政策工具,提升政策的可操作性;重视需求型和环境型政策工具,突出规范化和市场化的功能;注重基本政策工具与产业价值链间的整合,实现粤港澳大湾区中医药产业标准化、现代化和国际化发展。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To study the current situation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)industry policy in Guangdong- Hong Kong-Macao greater bay area ,and to provide suggestions for the follow-up planning and layout. METHODS :The content analysis method was used to code and measure the policy text of TCM industry in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao greater bay area issued by the central government and local government as of April 2020 from the perspective of policy tools. The current development focus and existing problems of the industry were summarized to put forward reasonable suggestion. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 34 relevant policy texts were retrieved ,including 9 at the central government level and 25 at the local government level. In respective of essential policy tool ,the supply-oriented ,demand-oriented and environmental policy tools of TCM industry in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao greater bay area accounted for 58.10%,22.86% and 19.05%,respectively. Among supply-oriented policy tools ,hardware construction accounted for 40.98%,internal communication for 26.23%,quality construction for 22.95%,and international exchange for 9.84%;there was no specific implementation rules and programs for policy tools ,which affect their operability. The demand-oriented policy tools included health service (75.00%),international trade (16.67%),service outsourcing (4.17%)and government subsidies (4.17%);the use of the latter three approaches limited the openness of the industrial market. The environmental policy tools included target planning (40.00%),access rules (25.00%), intellectual property (30.00%)and financing support (5.00%),but needed to improve the support of laws and regulations and relevant measures. In respective of the value chain of TCM industry ,34 policy texts showed 4 contents,including platform construction(36.19%),scientific and technological innovation (19.05%),market expansion (23.81%),exchange and cooperation (20.95%);the lack of scientific and technological innovation and exchange and cooperation limited the standardization , modernization and internationalization of TCM. It suggested to optimize the supply-oriented policy tools ,improve the operability of policies; pay attention to the demand-oriented and environmental policy tools , highlight the role of marketization and standardization;pay attention to the integration of basic policy tools and industrial value chain ,and achieve the standardization , modernization and international development of TCM in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao greater bay area.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第13期
作者: 林洁,胡慧敏,王硕,郭冬梅
AUTHORS: LIN Jie,HU Huimin ,WANG Shuo,GUO Dongmei
关键字: 粤港澳大湾区;中医药产业;政策工具;政策文本;内容分析;现状;完善
KEYWORDS: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao greater bay area ;Traditional Chinese medicine industry ;Policy tools ;Policy text ;
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