基于格林模式对甘肃省居民家庭自我药疗行为的调查研究
x

请在关注微信后,向客服人员索取文件

篇名: 基于格林模式对甘肃省居民家庭自我药疗行为的调查研究
TITLE: Investigation Study on Family Self-medication Behavior of Residents in Gansu Province Based on PRECEDE- PROCEED Model
摘要: 目的:促进非处方药物(OTC)在居民家庭中的合理使用,并为卫生行政部门相关政策的制订提供依据。方法:采用分层整群抽样方法,以甘肃省4个市常住居民为调查对象,于2019年1月左右采用入户调查的方式面对面发放问卷,收集受访居民基本情况、居民家庭自我药疗行为情况。运用格林模式分析受访居民自我药疗行为的影响因素[倾向因素(包括对OTC的认知水平和对自我药疗的态度)、促成因素和强化因素,以比值比(OR)研究因素与结果的相关性]。采用EpiData3.10软件建立数据库,以SPSS16.0软件进行统计分析。结果:共发放问卷3600份,回收有效问卷3111份,有效回收率为86.4%。81.8%(2541/3106)的受访者近1年有自我用药行为;二元Logistic回归与χ2检验结果显示,女性、起居不规律、未患慢病、家庭月收入低、购买了新型农村合作医疗和城镇居民医保的居民更倾向于自我药疗。倾向因素中,知晓OTC可不凭医师处方在药房购买(OR=1.322)、药品外包装有OTC标识(OR=1.397)、从OTC外包装的标识上不可判断其安全性(OR=0.789)、认为中草药亦有毒副作用(OR=1.750)的居民自我药疗可能性更大;很少清理家庭药箱的居民(OR=0.462)、药品速效高效(OR=0.670)与不良反应(OR=0.688)是自我药疗发生的阻止因素,而药品价格便宜(OR=5.298)是自我药疗行为发生的倾向因素。促成因素中,家中常备药物居民的自我药疗发生率是没有储备的2.997倍,自我药疗方便(OR=1.376)、药店离家近(OR=1.680)、药品质量可信(OR=1.355)对自我药疗行为的发生有促成作用。强化因素中,亲戚朋友建议(OR=3.388)、书籍报刊或电视网络广告(OR=2.043)等对自我药疗行为发生有加强作用。以上因素对居民自我药疗行为的影响均有显著性(P<0.05)。结论:甘肃省居民家庭自我药疗行为普遍,认知水平越高的居民越倾向于自我药疗,药品价格越低越可能发生自我药疗行为;家中常备药物、药店离家近、药品质量可信等是自我药疗行为发生的促成因素;亲戚朋友建议、网络广告等是自我药疗行为发生的强化因素。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To promote rational use of OTC in the family ,and to provide reference for the formulation of related policy by health administration department. METHODS :By stratified cluster sampling method ,using residents of 4 cities from Gansu province as objects ,face-to-face questionnaire household survey was conducted in Jan. 2019. The general information of the residents and their family self-medication behaviors were collected ,and the influential factors [tendency factors (including cognition of OTC and attitude towards self-medication ),contributing factors and strengthening factors ,and odds ratio (OR)was used to study the correlation between factors and results] of self-medication behaviors were analyzed by PRECEDE-PROCEED model. Epi Data 3.10 software was used to establish database ,and SPSS 16.0 software was adopted to analyze the family self-medication behavior of residents statistically. RESULTS :A total of 3 600 questionnaires were sent out ,and 3 111 valid questionnaires were recovered ,with an effective recovery rate of 86.4%. 81.8%(2 541/3 106)of the respondents had self- medication behavior in the past 1 year. The results of binary Logistic regression and χ2 test showed that female residents ,irregular daily life , no chronic disease ,low monthly family income ,new rural cooperative medical care and urban residents ’medical insurance were more inclined to self-medication. In the tendency factors ,residents who knew that OTC could be purchased in the pharmacy without the doctor ’s prescription (OR=1.322), Δ 基金项目 :国家自然科学基金资助项目 (No.41405108, No.21472077) drug package with OTC logo (OR=1.397)and the Chinese *讲师,硕士。研究方向:药物新制剂、新剂型、新技术。E-mail: herbal medicine also had toxic side effects (OR=1.750),the 410843130@qq.com possibility of self-medication was greater ;the residents who # 通信作者:教授,博士。研究方向:药物活性分子的设计与合 seldom cleaned the family medicine box (OR=0.462),quick 成。E-mail:wangshh@lzu.edu.cn and effective drugs (OR=0.670) and ADR (OR=0.688) 中国药房 2020年第31卷第11期 China Pharmacy 2020Vol. 31 No. 11 ·1377· were the factors that prevent the occurrence of se lf-medication behavior ,while low drug price (OR=5.298)was the tendency factor of self-medication behavior. In the contributing factors ,the incidence of self-medication of residents with regular drugs in their home was 2.997 times higher than that those without reserves ;the convenience of self-medication (OR=1.376),the proximity of drugstores to home (OR=1.680),the credibility of drug quality (OR=1.355) had a facilitating effect on the occurrence of self-medication. In the strengthening factors ,the suggestions of relatives and friends (OR=3.388),books, newspapers and TV network advertisements (OR=2.043)had a strengthening effect on the occurrence of self-medication. The above factors had a significant effect on the residents ’self-medication(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The family self-medication behavior of residents in Gansu province is common. The residents with higher cognitive level tend to self-medication ;the lower the drug price ,the more likely the self-medication behavior will occur. The factors contributing to the occurrence of self-medication are the regular drugs at home ,the proximity of drugstores to home ,and the credibility of drug quality. The suggestions of relatives and friends,online advertising and other factors are the strengthening factors of the occurrence of self-medication behavior.
期刊: 2020年第31卷第11期
作者: 王芳,刘惠娟,王红娟,罗斌,王少华
AUTHORS: WANG Fang,LIU Huijuan ,WANG Hongjuan ,LUO Bin,WANG Shaohua
关键字: 格林模式;甘肃省;居民;非处方药物;自我药疗;影响因素
KEYWORDS: PRECEDE-PROCEED model ;Gansu province ;Residents;OTC drugs ;Self medication ;Influence factor
阅读数: 90 次
本月下载数: 3 次

* 注:未经本站明确许可,任何网站不得非法盗链资源下载连接及抄袭本站原创内容资源!在此感谢您的支持与合作!