美国药学院协会入会标准的发展模式及对我国药学专业认证标准的启示
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篇名: 美国药学院协会入会标准的发展模式及对我国药学专业认证标准的启示
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为我国药学专业认证标准的制订提供参考。方法:利用文献研究法,阐述了美国药学院协会入会标准发展为专业认证标准和我国药学专业认证标准的发展状况。结果与结论:美国药学院协会入会标准具有重视调查研究、突出目标导向、坚持与时俱进和强化过程监督的特点,而我国药学专业认证标准主要由教育主管部门自上而下推动,具有政府主导性、决策权威性、谨慎性的特征。与美国药学专业认证标准比较,我国存在着对专业变化反应慢、制度灵活性差、专业整体发展反映不足的问题。虽然我国并没有真正意义上的药学院校协会的类似组织,但美国药学院协会的入会标准发展为专业认证标准的模式可供我国借鉴,如药学行业协会组织和专业认证组织的密切联系、加强药学专业认证组织的建设以保持其独立性和专业性、药学专业标准的动态调整等。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the formulation of Chinese pharmacy accreditation criteria. METHODS: By literature method, the evolution of American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) membership criteria were described, and the development of Chinese pharmacy accreditation criteria were also described. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The membership criteria of AACP are characterized by attaching importance to investigation and research, highlighting goal orientation, keeping pace with the times, and strengthening process supervision. The pharmacy accreditation criteria in China was mainly promoted by the competent education department from top to bottom, which has the characteristics of government dominance, decision-making authority and caution. Compared with the American pharmacy accreditation criteria, there were some problems in our country, such as slow response to professional changes, poor flexibility of system and insufficient reflection of overall professional development. Although there is no real similar organization in China, the development of AAPA membership criteria can be used for reference in China, such as the close relationship between pharmacy industry associations and accreditation organizations, strengthening the construction of pharmaceutical accreditation organizations to maintain their independence and specialty, pharmacy standards dynamic adjustment, etc.
期刊: 2019年第30卷第18期
作者: 杨庆,张永泽,李树祥,邵明立
AUTHORS: YANG Qing,ZHANG Yongze,LI Shuxiang,SHAO Mingli
关键字: 美国药学院协会;入会标准;专业认证;药学教育;启示
KEYWORDS: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy; Membership criteria; Accreditation; Pharmacy education; Enlightenment
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