《印度阿育吠陀药典》所载169味单味药的介绍
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篇名: 《印度阿育吠陀药典》所载169味单味药的介绍
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摘要: 目的:分析《印度阿育吠陀药典》中169味单味药的特点,为我国拓展新药源和增添新主治提供参考。方法:全面介绍《印度阿育吠陀药典》中169味单味药的梵语药名、植物学名(科名)、中文药名、药用部位、在阿育吠陀中的治疗用途、在印度的分布情况、在其他国家和地区的分布或栽培(引种)情况以及在其他国家和地区的主要治疗病种,从而分析169味单味药的分布情况、科名特点、药用部位和主治特点。结果:169味单味药中的药味大都分布于热带和亚热带地区,其中有116味单味药在印度各地都有分布(含引种或栽培)和药用,51味单味药仅在印度有分布,21味单味药在我国有分布且有药用,10味单味药在我国有分布但没有药用,1味单味药在我国有药用但没有分布。在我国,云南、广东、广西、福建等地是分布和使用阿育吠陀单味药较多的几个省(区);斯里兰卡、越南、马来西亚等是种植和使用阿育吠陀单味药较多的几个国家。169味单味药的原植物来源于大戟科、豆科、伞形科和桑科等。药用部位多为根及根茎。常用于治疗的疾病类别有消化系统疾病、呼吸系统疾病、“症状、体征和临床与实验室异常所见,不可归类在他处者”、皮肤和皮下组织疾病、泌尿生殖系统疾病、血液疾病等;特色诊治的疾病有体风素失衡引起的疾病、间歇热、黏液素失衡引起的疾病、三病素失衡引起的疾病等。结论:本文所涉及的169味单味药多分布于热带和亚热带地区,多用于治疗消化系统疾病;该研究可为我国引种和栽培阿育吠陀单味药以及为我国拓展新药源和新用途提供参考。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of 169 single-flavored drugs in The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indian, and to provide reference for China to expand new drug sources and study new indications. METHODS: Sanskrit drug names, botanical names (family names), Chinese medicine names, medicinal parts, therapeutic uses in Ayurveda, distributions in India, distributions or cultivations (introductions) in other countries and regions, the main treatments of other countries and regions were introduced comprehensively, so as to analyze the distribution, family names characteristics, medicinal part and indication characteristics of 169 single-flavored drugs. RESULTS: Totally 169 single-flavored drugs were mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. There were 116 single-flavored drugs distributed throughout India (including introduction or cultivation) and medicinal; while 51 single-flavored drugs were only distributed in India; 21 single-flavored drugs were distributed and used in China; 10 single-flavored drugs have a distribution in China but have not been used; only one single-flavored drug had been used in China but had no distribution. Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian were provinces (districs) where Ayurveda single-flavored drug was planted and used more frequently. Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Malaysia were countries where Ayurveda single-flavored drug was planted and used more frequently. The original plants of the 169 single-flavored drugs were derived from Euphorbiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae, Umbelliferae and Morus, etc. More roots and rhizomes were used. The types of commonly treatment diseases were digestive diseases, respiratory diseases, “symptoms, signs, and clinical and laboratory abnormalities, which cannot be classified elsewhere”, skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases, genitourinary system diseases, blood diseases, etc. The diseases with characteristic diagnosis and treatment were caused by imbalance of body wind, intermittent heat, imbalance of mucin and imbalances of three diseases. CONCLUSIONS: 169 single-flavored drugs in this paper are distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, and are often used to treat digestive diseases. This study can provide reference for the introduction and cultivation of Ayurveda single-flavored drug and for the development of new drug sources and new uses in China.
期刊: 2019年第30卷第15期
作者: 孙铭,贾敏如,王张,邝婷婷,张艺,曾勇
AUTHORS: SUN Ming,JIA Minru,WANG Zhang,KUANG Tingting,ZHANG Yi,ZENG Yong
关键字: 阿育吠陀;印度阿育吠陀药典;单味药;分布情况;药用部位;主治特点;科名特点
KEYWORDS: Ayurveda; The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indian; Single-flavored drugs; Distribution; Medicinal part; Indication characteristics; Family names characteristics
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