居民用药风险“知识-态度-行为”调查及影响因素研究
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篇名: 居民用药风险“知识-态度-行为”调查及影响因素研究
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摘要: 目的:了解居民用药知识-态度-行为(KAP)的现状,探索可能引起居民用药风险的因素。方法:采用近似随机抽样的方法,采用线上(问卷星)和线下(成都主城区5个社区)的方法于2017年7-8月抽取年龄在19岁以上的居民进行基本信息(性别、年龄、月收入、居住地、医疗保障情况、受教育程度、工作状况、职业)、用药KAP调查,采用多重线性回归分析居民基本信息对KAP的影响。结果:线上和线下调查最终共获得有效问卷517份,其中线下调查问卷共发放200份,回收184份,回收率为92%。居民用药知识、态度、行为平均得分分别为(71.4±32.3)、(33.7±14.0)、(60.7±19.4)分,评分均达到问卷结果评价标准中的“良好”;多重线性回归结果表明,年龄大、受教育程度低是居民用药知识匮乏的显著影响因素,居民用药态度较差的为低收入和低受教育人群,男性、高龄、低收入、低受教育程度是居民用药行为不佳的影响因素。结论:我国平均居民用药风险较低,但对特殊人群仍需加强用药教育。需重点关注老年人、低教育水平人群、低收入人群及男性居民。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status quo of knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) of medication in residents, and to explore potential risk factors that may affect medication. METHODS: By approximate random sampling, online (wenjuanxing) and offline method (5 communities of Chengdu city) were used to collect general information (gender, age, monthly income, residence, medical insurance, education level, working condition, occupation) of the residents aged 19 year-old above and conduct KAP investigation during Jul.-Aug. 2017. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of residents’ general information on KAP. RESULTS: A total of 517 online and offline valid questionnaires were obtained, including 200 offline questionnaires were sent out and 184 valid questionnaires were returned with recovery rate of 92%. Average scores of medication knowledge, attitude and practice were (71.4±32.3),(33.7±14.0),(60.7±19.4), which all reached “good” in the evaluation standard of questionnaire results. The results of multiple linear regression showed that elderly and low education level were the significant influential factors of residents’ lack of medication knowledge. The male, elderly, low income and low education level were the influential factors of poor drug use behavior. The residents with poor attitudes towards medication were low income and low educated population. CONCLUSIONS: The average risk of residents’ medication in China is low, but it is still necessary to strengthen medication education for special people. It is requisite to focus on the elderly, the low education level, the low income population and the male residents.
期刊: 2018年第29卷第11期
作者: 张佳颖,郭西芮,吴行伟,熊欢,熊祥樽,刘欢,龙恩武
AUTHORS: ZHANG Jiaying,GUO Xirui,WU Xingwei,XIONG Huan,XIONG Xiangzun,LIU Huan,LONG Enwu
关键字: 知识-态度-行为;用药知识;用药态度;用药行为;影响因素;问卷调查
KEYWORDS: Knowledge-attitude-practice; Medication knowledge; Medication practice; Medication practice; Influential factors; Questionnaire investigation
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