中药老字号配方及炮制技术保护现状及思考
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篇名: 中药老字号配方及炮制技术保护现状及思考
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为中药老字号企业专有技术法律保护体系的完善提供参考。方法:通过研究相关文献和数据,分析中药老字号企业专有技术的主要类型、配方和炮制技术的法律特征,归纳专有技术的保护形式及存在的问题并提出解决措施。结果与结论:中药老字号的专有技术中最重要的当属配方和中药材炮制技术,其法律特征主要有实用性、价值性、秘密性和可传授性;中药老字号在保护专有技术方面,采用了如商业秘密、专利保护、行政保护等多种形式,但仍存在专利保护手段与专有技术保护不契合、商业秘密与信息披露存在冲突、行政保护手段逐渐弱化、中药老字号内部法律保护意识薄弱等问题。建议通过采取专利制度与商业秘密综合性的保护手段、协调知识产权保护与行政保护手段、建立专有技术保护名录和数据库、建立企业内部知识产权激励约束机制等手段,寻求中药老字号专有技术保护的有效路径。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving legal protection system of proprietary technology in TCM time-honored enterprises. METHODS: By studying the relevant literatures and data, main type of proprietary technology, formula, legal characteristics of processing technology in TCM time-honored enterprises were analyzed; the protection forms and existing problems of proprietary technology were summarized to put forward countermeasures. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The most important proprietary technology of TCM time-honored brand is formula and TCM processing technology, and legal characteristics of it include practicality, value, confidentiality and teachability. The proprietary technology protection of TCM time-honored brand included various methods such as business secret, patent protection and administrative protection. But, there still are problems such as the incompatibility of patent protection, the conflict between the secret protection and information disclosure, gradually weakened means of administrative protection, weak awareness of legal protection in time-honored brand of TCM. It is suggested to use comprehensive protection means of patent system and business secret, coordinate intellectual property protection and administrative protection, establish proprietary technology protection directories and databases and incentive and constraint mechanism of internal intellectual property rights in enterprises so as to seek effective way to protect proprietary technology of TCM time-honored brand.
期刊: 2018年第29卷第9期
作者: 李莉,姚峥嵘,王艳翚
AUTHORS: LI Li,YAO Zhengrong,WANG Yanhui
关键字: 中药老字号;配方;炮制技术;专利;商业秘密
KEYWORDS: TCM time-honored; Formula; Processing technology; Patent; Business secret
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