我国网络售药监管制度存在的问题与对策建议
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篇名: 我国网络售药监管制度存在的问题与对策建议
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为我国网络售药监管制度的完善提供参考。方法:以“网上药房”“网上药店”“互联网药品”“监管”为关键词,检索2005年1月-2016年1月中国知网和万方数据库及相关网站,总结美、英、德等国在立法、法律规定和监管主体等方面的经验,分析我国网络售药监管制度存在的问题并提出建议。结果与结论:美、英、德等国网络售药法律完备、立法内容相对完善、注重行政监管与行业监管结合。我国网络售药监管制度存在立法位阶较低,法规间存在冲突;立法内容不完善,很多方面内容缺失或规定模糊;政府部门间执法存在冲突,行业监管力量薄弱等问题。建议我国在完善网络售药监管制度时应制定网络售药的高位阶法律,以法律而非法规、规章的形式修订现行法或颁布相关专门法律;制定明确、可操作的法律并借鉴国外相关制度(如电子证据、黑名单制度)以完善法律内容;进一步明确各监管部门的权责,积极发展行业协会(如药学会等)对网络售药的监管。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the improvement of supervision system of online drug sale in China. METHODS: Using “online pharmacy” “online drugstore” “internet drugs” “supervision” as keywords, CNKI, Wanfang database from Jan. 2015 to Jan. 2016 and related websites were retrieved, experience about legislation, legal provisions and regulatory bodies in the United States, Britain, Germany and other countries were summarized. The problems existing in the current supervision system in China were analyzed, and related suggestions were proposed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The legal system of the online drug sale in the United States, Britain, Germany and other countries is more complete, legislation content is relatively perfect, paying attention to the combination of administrative supervision and industry supervision. The supervision system of online drug sale in China exists problems as follows as legislation level relatively lower, conflict between laws and regulations; the legislation content being not perfect, contents missing or provisions blur in many aspects; law enforcement existing in the government departments, industry regulation being weak and others. It is suggested that the country should develop high-order law when improving the supervision system of online drug sale, modifying the existing law or promulgating the relevant specialized laws by legal form rather than regulations and rules; develop clear, actionable law and learn from foreign related systems (such as electronic evidence, blacklist) to improve legal contents; and further clear the powers and responsibilities of the regulatory authorities, actively develop industry associations (such as pharmaceutical association, etc.) to conduct supervision for online drug sale.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第7期
作者: 盛俊彦,赵晓佩,于亚男
AUTHORS: SHENG Junyan,ZHAO Xiaopei,YU Yanan
关键字: 网络售药;监管制度;立法;法律规定;监管主体
KEYWORDS: Online drug sale; Supervision system; Legislation; Legal provision; Regulatory body
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