基于政策工具的我国民间医药相关政策文本分析
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篇名: 基于政策工具的我国民间医药相关政策文本分析
TITLE: CHINA PH ARMACY Volume 33,Number 11,June 15,2022 Semimonthly Table of Contents Analysis of China ’s folk medicine-related policy text based on policy tools
摘要: 目的 了解我国民间医药相关政策的发布和实施现状,为后续民间医药相关政策的制定和落实提供参考。方法基于政策工具理论,采用内容分析法,构建基本政策工具和政策发展阶段二维分析框架,对2009-2021年中央层面出台的民间医药相关政策文本进行编码整理和量化分析。结果与结论最终纳入23份中央层面出台的民间医药相关政策,共整理284条政策条目编码。从基本政策工具维度看,供给型、需求型、环境型政策工具所占比例分别为28.17%(80/284)、22.89%(65/284)、48.94%(139/284)。从政策发展阶段维度看,探索发展阶段、完善补充阶段、成熟推进阶段的政策工具所占比例分别为25.35%(72/284)、16.55%(47/284)、58.10%(165/284)。目前我国民间医药政策工具总体使用不协调,供给型政策工具最重视人才培养,资金投入明显不足;需求型政策工具短缺,民间医药发展的动力不足;环境型政策工具使用过于频繁,规制管理政策过溢。建议未来优化供给型政策工具的使用,增加资金投入;重视需求型政策工具的使用,从政府购买、产业培育和服务贸易3方面增强民间医药发展的动力;调整环境型政策工具结构,平衡内部要素。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTI VE To understand the current status of the issuance a nd implementation of China ’s folk medicine-related policies,and to provide reference for the subsequent formulation and implementation of folk medicine-related policies. METHODS Based on the theory of policy tools ,content analysis was adopted to construct a two-dimensional analysis framework for basic policy tools and policy development stages ,code,sort and quantitatively analyze the relevant policy texts of folk medicine issued by the central government from 2009 to 2021. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Finally,23 folk medicine-related policies issued by the central government were included ,and a total of 284 policy item codes were sorted. From the perspective of basic policy tools , the proportions of supplying policy tools ,demanding policy tools ,and environmental policy tools were 28.17%(80/284),22.89% (65/284)and 48.94%(139/284),respectively. From the perspective of the policy development stage ,the proportions of policy tools in the exploratory development stage ,the perfect supplement stage ,and the mature promotion stage were 25.35%(72/284), 16.55%(47/284)and 58.10%(165/284),respectively. At present ,overall use of folk medicine policy tools is not coordinated , supply-oriented policy tools pay most attention to talent training and the investment in funds is obviously insufficient. There is a shortage of demand-oriented policy tools ,and the impetus for the development of folk medicine is insufficient. The use of environmental policy tools is too frequently ,and regulation and management policies overflow. It is recommended to optimize the use of supply-oriented policy tools and increase capital investment in the future ;attach importance to the use of demand-based policy tools ,and strengthen the impetus for the development of folk medicine from three aspects :government purchase ,industrial cultivation and service trade ;adjust the structure ofenvironmental policy tools ,and balance the internal elements.
期刊: 2022年第33卷第11期
作者: 褚丹丹,徐慧芳,王铁融,洪峰,刘伟,陈宁
AUTHORS: CHU Dandan ,XU Huifang ,WANG Tierong ,HONG Feng,LIU Wei,CHEN Ning
关键字: 民间医药;政策工具;政策文本
KEYWORDS: folk medicine ;policy tool ;policy text
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