我国医药产业转移地区特征与趋势的实证分析
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篇名: 我国医药产业转移地区特征与趋势的实证分析
TITLE: Empirical analysis on the regional characteristics and trend of pharmaceutical industry transfer in China
摘要: 目的 为相关决策者制定医药产业转移引导政策提供参考。方法使用2000-2019年的相关统计数据,以产业转移指数为指标,在四大区域基础上,将我国划分为东部沿海、南部沿海、北部沿海、黄河中游、长江中游、东北、西南和西北地区八大综合经济区,在空间与时间层面探讨我国医药产业转移的区域特征和转移规律。结果与结论2004-2019年,31个省份中,吉林、山东、河南、甘肃等19个省份的医药产业发生转入,占61.3%;河北、北京、新疆、湖北等12个省份的医药产业发生转出,占38.7%。其中,产业转移指数均值绝对值大于0.2的省份有12个,表明我国医药产业已在各省份之间发生大规模迁移,且各省份医药产业转移规模差异明显。从区域分布来看,目前国内已形成4个医药产业转入中心,分别是东部沿海、东北、长江中游和南部沿海地区;产业转移遵循由区域内到区域间的区位选择模式。从时间变化趋势看,我国各地区医药产业转移出现梯度偏离现象,并存在5种演化类型,以“上下波动“”先减后增“”先增后减”类型为主;多数地区医药产业转移活跃,转移路径保持相对稳定,部分地区发生了转出地与承接地的角色互换。各地区应结合自身产业转移规模和趋势,制定适宜的引导政策,以实现区域间医药产业的协调发展。
ABSTRACT: OBJECT IVE To provide reference for relevant decision-makers to formulate policies to guide the transfer of pharmaceutical industry. METHODS Using the statistical data from 2000 to 2019,taking industrial transfer index as index ,on the basis of 4 regions,our country was divided into 8 comprehensive economic areas :the eastern coastal area ,the southern coastal area,the northern coastal area ,the middle reaches of the Yellow River area ,the middle reaches of the Yangtze River area ,the northeast area ,the southwest area and the northwest area. The regional characteristics and regularity of China ’s pharmaceutical industrial transfer were discussed in terms of space and time. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS From 2004 to 2019,among the 31 provinces,pharmaceutical industry was transferred in 19 provinces,including Jilin ,Shandong,Henan and Gansu ,accounting for 61.3%;pharmaceutical industry was transferred out in 12 provinces,including Hebei ,Beijing,Xinjiang and Hubei ,accounting for 38.7%. There were 12 provinces whose absolute average values of industrial transfer index were greater than 0.2,indicating that China’s pharmaceutical industry had undergone large-scale migration among provinces ,and the scale of pharmaceutical industrial transfer varied significantly among provinces. From the perspective of regional distribution ,4 pharmaceutical industrial transfer-in centers had been formed in China ,the eastern coastal area ,the northeast area ,the middle reaches of the Yangtze River area and the southern coastal area ;industrial transfer followed the location selection mode from within areas to between areas. From the perspective of time change trend ,there was a phenomenon of gradient deviation in the transfer of pharmaceutical industry in various areas of China ,and there are 5 evolution types ,mainly including “up and down fluctuation ”,“first decrease and then increase”,“first increase and then decrease ”;the transfer of pharmaceutical industry was active in most areas ,and the transfer path remained relatively stable. In some areas ,the roles of transfer-out place and transfer-in place had been exchanged. According to the scale and trend of industrial transfer ,each area should formulate guiding policies to realize the coordinated development of inter-regional pharmaceutical industry.
期刊: 2022年第33卷第04期
作者: 王涵熙,王群,褚淑贞
AUTHORS: WANG Hanxi,WANG Qun,CHU Shuzhen
关键字: 医药产业;产业转移;转移特征;转移规律;实证分析
KEYWORDS: pharmaceutical industry ;industrial transfer ;transfer characteristics ;transfer regular ity;empirical analysis
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