临床药师工作压力现状及其与出勤主义行为的关系研究
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篇名: 临床药师工作压力现状及其与出勤主义行为的关系研究
TITLE: Study on the Job Stress of Clinical Pharmacists and Its Relationship with Presenteeism
摘要: 目的:调查我国三级医院临床药师的工作压力和出勤主义行为的现状并研究二者的相关性。方法:采用工作压力简洁量表(BJSQ)以及出勤主义行为单项问卷,对我国31个省份共311家三级医院的623名临床药师进行调查。通过建立工作压力及其各维度(工作需求、工作控制、支持)与出勤主义行为之间的Logistic模型,对二者的调查结果进行相关性分析。结果:受访临床药师的工作压力平均分为36.75分;发生出勤主义行为的概率为20.38%。Logistic回归模型分析结果显示,受访临床药师工作压力及其2个维度(工作需求、工作控制)与其出勤主义行为呈显著正相关(P<0.05)。结论:我国三级医院临床药师工作压力较大,这也是引起其出勤主义行为的主要原因;可通过降低临床药师工作压力(例如适当增加人员配置、提供合理的休息时间、提高临床药师的工作替代性)以减少其出勤主义行为的发生。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:To inve stigate the current situation of clinical pharmacists ’job stress and presenteeism behavior in tertiary hospitals of China and study their correlation. METHODS :Using the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ)and the presenteeism behavior individual questionnaire ,a survey of 623 clinical pharmacists in 311 tertiary hospitals from 31 provinces in China was conducted ;by establishing Logistic model between job stress ,its various dimensions (job demand ,job control , support)and presenteeism behavior ,the correlation analysis was performed for their survey results. RESULTS :The average job pressure of the interviewed clinical pharmacists was 36.75 points;the probability of presenteeism behavior was 20.38%. Logistic regression model analysis results showed that job stress and its two dimensions (job demand ,job control )had a significant positive correlation with presenteeism behavior (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The job stress of clinical pharmacists in tertiary hospitals in my country is relatively high ,which is also the main reason for their presenteeism behavior. Job stress can be reduced (such as increasing the staffing appropriately ,providing reasonable rest time ,improving the job substitution of clinical pharmacists )to reduce the prevalence of presenteeism behavior.
期刊: 2021年第32卷第11期
作者: 裴佩,徐怀伏
AUTHORS: PEI Pei ,XU Huaifu
关键字: 工作压力;出勤主义;临床药师
KEYWORDS: Job stress ;Presenteeism;Clinical pharmacist
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