“新医改”实施前后佛山市某社区卫生服务中心的基本药物使用情况分析
x

请在关注微信后,向客服人员索取文件

篇名: “新医改”实施前后佛山市某社区卫生服务中心的基本药物使用情况分析
TITLE:
摘要: 目的:为“新医改”的进一步推进和国家基本药物制度的进一步实施和完善提供参考。方法:采取系统抽样法,随机抽取佛山市某社区卫生服务中心“新医改”前后(2012-2015年)门诊处方1 728张,对处方用药数量、处方合理用药指标情况、处方费用、主要疾病构成及其治疗费用等进行统计和对比分析,研究其变化规律及特点。结果:单张处方药品平均品种数和基本药物平均品种数均逐年下降;与2012年相比,抗菌药物处方比例、二联及以上使用抗菌药物处方比例、注射剂处方比例及输液处方比例均显著降低,患者就医费用显著下降,药品费用、医保处方报销金额则有不同程度上升,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);多元线性回归分析(逐步法)显示,患者就医费用与处方合理性等密切相关;主要疾病构成方面,呼吸道疾病、心脑血管系统疾病、消化道疾病相关处方占比居前3位,而相关处方占比呼吸道疾病、消化道疾病逐年下降,心脑血管系统疾病则逐年上升。结论:“新医改”的推进和国家基本药物制度的实施对社区卫生服务中心的合理用药水平和医疗质量提升起到正向促进作用,但社区卫生服务中心单张处方药物数量偏多、疾病诊治能力不足、药品遴选及管理缺陷等问题仍然存在。
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the further promotion of “New Medical Reform” and the further implementation and improvement of National Essential Medicine System. METHODS: By systematic sampling, 1 728 outpatient prescriptions were randomly selected from a community health service center in Foshan during 2012 to 2015, and then analyzed and compared statistically in respects of the amount of drugs, rational drug use indexes, prescription cost, main disease composition, treatment cost. The change rules and characteristics of all the above mentioned information were all studied. RESULTS: The average number of medicines per prescription and the number of essential medicines decreased year by year,Comparied with 2012, the proportion of antimicrobial agents, the proportion of two or more antimicrobial agents, the proportion of injection prescription and the proportion of transfusion prescription were significantly reduced, the cost of medical treatment of patients decreased significantly; medicine cost and medicare reimbursement amount had increased to different extents, there was statistical significance(P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis (stepwise) showed that the cost of medical treatment was closely related to rationality of prescriptions. Respiratory diseases, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases were the top 3 of the major diseases, the proportion of prescriptions for respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases decreased year by year, while that for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases increased year by year. CONCLUSIONS: The promotion of “New Medical Reform” and the implementation of National Essential Medicine System play a positive role in promoting rational drug use and the quality of medical service in community health service center. However, there are still many problems in the community health service centers, such as too many medicines each prescription, the lack of diagnosis and treatment ability, the defects of medicine selection and administration.
期刊: 2017年第28卷第18期
作者: 王珍姝,万成松
AUTHORS: WANG Zhenshu,WAN Chengsong
关键字: 新医改;国家基本药物制度;社区卫生服务中心;合理用药
KEYWORDS: New Medical Reform; National Essential Medicine System; Community health service center; Rational use
阅读数: 294 次
本月下载数: 11 次

* 注:未经本站明确许可,任何网站不得非法盗链资源下载连接及抄袭本站原创内容资源!在此感谢您的支持与合作!