流感季来袭,小心防护!

日期:2018-03-14    来源:世界卫生组织       分享 :

欢迎来到非正式流感周!世卫组织驻华代表处会在这里和你分享关于季节性流感的一些基本知识。请仔细阅读,以学习如何更好地保护自己和家人!

什么是季节性流感,流感如何传播?当感染者咳嗽或打喷嚏时,流感病毒通过空气颗粒传播。季节性流感是大多数人能康复的暂时性疾病。但是,一定要采取额外措施来保护小孩和老人,他们更有可能感染流感。

如何降低感染流感的可能性?避免感染季节性流感的最有效方法是接种流感疫苗。通常来说,流感疫苗能将感染流感的可能性降低40-60%。除了流感疫苗之外,常洗手也能助于战胜流感传播。


得了季节性流感怎么办?如果感到发热和疲倦,你可能得了季节性流感。如果你认为得了流感,那么就去看医生,医生会提供抗病毒治疗。此外,建议流感患者咳嗽和打喷嚏时盖住口鼻,远离他人,多休息。盖住口鼻和隔离能保护他人,休息有助于加快康复。


最后,不用担心!正如前面所说,大多数人得了季节性流感之后都能完全康复。




Get ready and protect yourself from seasonal flu

Welcome to informal flu week! This week the WHO China office will share with you some basic facts about the seasonal flu. Please read carefully so you can learn how to better protect yourself and those who you love!


What is the seasonal flu and how does it spread?


The seasonal flu is a virus that is transmitted via air particles when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The flu is a temporary illness that most will recover from. However, additional measures must be taken to protect very young and older populations, who have higher risks associated with influenza.



How do I decrease my likelihood of contracting seasonal flu?


The most effective way to avoid contracting the flu is by getting a flu shot. Generally speaking, flu shorts decreases one’s likelihood of contracting the flu by between 40 and 60 percent. In addition to a flu shot, regularly washing one’s hands helps to combat the spread of the flu.



What should I do if I get seasonal flu?



If you are feeling feverish and fatigued, you may have the flu. If you think you have the flu, then go and see the doctor, who may offer antiviral treatment. Additionally, those with the flu are encouraged cover their mouths and noses when they cough and sneeze, to isolate themselves from others, and to rest. Covering up and isolation help protect others, and resting helps to expedite recovery.

Finally, don’t worry! As we mentioned before, the vast majority of people who contract seasonal flu fully recover from it.


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